Hirsutism HUR-soot-iz-um is a condition in women that results in excessive growth of dark or coarse hair in a male-like pattern — face, chest and back. With hirsutism, extra hair growth often arises from excess male hormones androgens , primarily testosterone. Self-care methods and effective treatment options are available for women who wish to treat hirsutism. Hirsutism is stiff or dark body hair, appearing on the body where women don't commonly have hair — primarily the face, chest, lower abdomen, inner thighs and back. People have widely varying opinions on what's considered excessive. When high androgen levels cause hirsutism, other signs might develop over time, a process called virilization.
Hirsutism (excessive hair) - women
Endocrinology of Hirsutism
Excess unwanted hair in women and girls in face or other parts of the body is called hirsutism. There is no fixed amount of hair that is needed for diagnosis; it is the sensitivity of the individual. If you think you are not happy with the facial or body hair, then it is excess and is called hirsutism. This is mainly because of a problem in the balance of Androgen and Oestrogen, which are hormones. Hormones are chemical substances secreted by special glands in the body and taken to different areas by blood for their actions. Both men and women will have androgen male hormone and oestrogen female hormone ; in men, androgen is high while the opposite is the case of women.
Endocrine evaluation of hirsutism
Hirsutism represents a primary clinical indicator of androgen excess. The most common endocrine condition causing hirsutism is polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS. Diagnosing PCOS is not easy as the signs and symptoms are heterogenous.
Hirsutism is excessive body hair on parts of the body where hair is normally absent or minimal. It may refer to a "male" pattern of hair growth that may be a sign of a more serious medical condition,  especially if it develops well after puberty. Hirsutism is usually the result of an underlying endocrine imbalance, which may be adrenal , ovarian , or central. The amount and location of the hair is measured by a Ferriman-Gallwey score. It is different from hypertrichosis , which is excessive hair growth anywhere on the body.