The U. The plus indigenous people living on Bikini Atoll at the time were moved to other islands in order to enable nuclear testing to begin. Between and , there were 23 nuclear devices detonated at various spots on, within, above, or beneath Bikini Atoll. Operation Crossroads was an attempt to better understand the effect of atomic weapons on naval targets. Able was part of a series of nuclear tests conducted that summer. Baker , the next test, was detonated underwater and managed to displace tons of water that damaged 74 unmanned target ships.
How the U.S. betrayed the Marshall Islands, kindling the next nuclear disaster
Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll - Wikipedia
The haute beachwear known as the bikini was named after a string of islands turned into a nuclear wasteland by atomic bomb testing. The Bikini Atoll—a series of limestone formations in the Pacific Ocean that comprise part of the Marshall Islands—is, or rather was, a tropical paradise. Between and , the United States military detonated several nuclear bombs in the area, wiping out plants and wildlife, and leaving behind a toxic wasteland. That tumultuous history is now preserved in haunting photos, diaries, papers and studies, assembled by the University of Washington into the Lauren L. The colonial history of the Bikini Atoll and the Marshall Islands is somewhat shorter than many other tropical nations. The first Christian missionaries arrived on the islands in , the German traders in the s, and the Japanese in
After the Second World War , the atoll's inhabitants were relocated in , after which the islands and lagoon were the site of 23 nuclear tests by the United States until Three families were resettled on Bikini island in , totaling about residents. But scientists found dangerously high levels of strontium in well water in May , and the residents were carrying abnormally high concentrations of caesium in their bodies. They were evacuated in
Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll consisted of the detonation of 23 nuclear weapons by the United States between and on Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands. Tests occurred at 7 test sites on the reef itself, on the sea, in the air, and underwater. The United States and its allies were engaged in a Cold War nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union to build more advanced bombs from until